DUMBO, an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass, is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It encompasses two sections; one located between the Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridges, and another which continues east from the Manhattan Bridge to Vinegar Hill.
Until the 1890s, the western portion of the neighborhood was known as Fulton Landing, after the ferry stop that connected it to Manhattan before the Brooklyn Bridge opened. It was primarily a manufacturing district then, containing warehouses and factories that made machinery, paper boxes and Brillo soap pads. With deindustrialization it became primarily residential, when artists and other young homesteaders seeking relatively large and inexpensive loft apartment spaces for studios and homes began moving there in the late 1970s.
In 2007, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission voted to designate DUMBO as the city's 90th historic district. The area has emerged as one of New York City's premier arts districts, with a cluster of for-profit art galleries and nonprofit cultural institutions.